There are also more than 137 prints by Marc Chagall, 208 by Georges Braque and a collection of French artist’s books by Matisse, Picasso and Aristide Maillol.
Ten kilometres from Münster’s Altstadt is a picturesque Renaissance castle that was the birthplace of the poet and author Annette von Droste-Hülshoff in 1797.
In a southern chapel in the apse is the tomb of Clemens August Graf von Galen who died in 1946 and was beatified in 2005 for the stance he took against Nazi policies during the Second World War.
On the east side of Prinzipalmarkt, the Historical City Hall is another symbol for Münster and one of the finest examples of secular Gothic architecture anywhere.
The galleries are in two historic buildings, one of which is the Druffel’sche Hof from the 1780s and regarded as Münster’s best example of Neoclassical architecture.
On the west side there’s a continuous row of gabled Renaissance houses made from Münster’s characteristic limestone and footed by arcades.
At the moment this role is filled by Martje Saljé, the first female “watchman” in the building’s history.
Every weekday evening apart from Tuesday she marks the stroke of the half hour and hour between and with a blast from a copper horn.
Another masterpiece is the Family Portrait of Count Johann II von Rietberg, by Hermann tom Ring in 1562.
And that is barely an introduction, as there’s Gothic and Renaissance liturgical sculpture, Romanesque stained glass, furniture from all eras, goldsmithery and a lot more art from Lucas Cranach the Elder to Expressionists like August Macke.Many of these buildings resonate with world-changing history, like the Historical City Hall where the Peace of Westphalia was signed in 1648, redrawing the map of Western Europe.