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The population of the historical Ipiutak was probably larger than that of the modern village of Point Hope, with a population of about 2,000 people.
Houses at Ipiutak were small, about 12 by 15 feet square, with sod-covered walls and roof.
Characterized by the use of flint blades, skin-covered boats, and bows and arrows, the Denbigh was transformed further east into the Dorset Tradition by about 1000 Signs of both the Denbigh and Dorset cultures have been unearthed at the well-known Ipiutak site, located near the Inuit settlement of Point Hope, approximately 125 miles north of the Arctic Circle.
Point Hope, still a small Inuit village at the mouth of the Kukpuk River, appears to have been continuously inhabited for 2,000 years, making it the oldest known Inuit settlement.
The major language family for Arctic peoples is Eskaleut.
While Aleut is considered a separate language, Eskimo branches into Inuit and Yup'ik.
As the first two tribes are dealt with separately, this essay will focus on that group regionally known as Inupiat, and formerly known as Bering Strait or Kotzebue Sound Eskimos, and even sometimes West Alaskan and North Alaskan Eskimos.
Residing in some three dozen villages and towns— including Kotzebue, Point Hope, Wainwright, Barrow, and Prudhoe Bay—between the Bering Strait and the Mc Kenzie Delta to the east, and occupying some 40,000 square miles above the Arctic Circle, this group has been divided differently by various anthropologists.
Artifacts from the site indicate that the Ipiutak hunted sea and land mammals, as do modern Inuit.Whether this culture developed its unique adaptation to the Arctic environment in Siberia or Alaska is a matter of some debate (see Mc Ghee 19 for a consideration of the various origin hypotheses).Despite the high likelihood of drawing users who own Make America Great Again hats, the site warns against wearing a hat in profile photographs.Their use and array of tools, their spoken language, and their physical type have changed little over large periods of time and space.
Alaskan Inuit inhabit the west, southwest, and the far north and northwest of Alaska, comprising the Alutiiq, Yup'ik (or Yupiat), and Inupiat tribes.
Yup'ik includes several languages, while Inuit is a separate tongue with several local dialects, including Inupiaq (Alaska), Inuktitut (Eastern Canada), and Kalaallisut (Greenland).